James Madison served two terms as President of the United States and was one of the founding fathers of the country. Madison was one of the representatives for Virginia at the 1787 Constitution Convention and is credited with having a major hand in crafting the U.S. Constitution.
In 1789, Madison was elected a member of the House of Representatives and worked to improve and change the Bill of Rights during his stint in Congress. Among the issues at the heart of what Madison wanted included was an assurance that Americans had freedom of speech. Madison also pushed for citizens to be protected against unreasonable searches and seizures and to receive a speedy and public trial.
In 1808, James Madison was elected President of the United States by a wide margin. Madison led the country until leaving office in 1817. His presidency spanned the period of time when the country again went up against the British government in the War of 1812.
After leaving the White House, Madison very briefly returned to public life when he attended the 1829 Constitutional Convention. In 1833, he was named the president of a society that worked to return freed slaves to Africa. James Madison died on June 28, 1836.