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# What did Isaac Newton do to become famous?

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Isaac Newton became famous for his numerous contributions to science and mathematics, most notably his discovery and outlining of the laws of motion in physics and the invention of calculus in mathematics. Newton published various works that became well known among scholars during his lifetime, and his influence continued to remain significant centuries after his death.

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The basic laws of motion discovered by Newton centuries ago still hold value for those studying physics. The laws of motion describe the relationship between an object and the forces acting upon it, and how these forces affect the motion of the object. There are three laws of motion described by Newton: an object at rest remains at rest unless acted on by an external force, or an object in motion remains in motion unless acted on by an external force; the motion of an object changes proportionally to the force applied, where force equals mass times acceleration; and when one object acts upon a second object, the second object simultaneously reacts with an equal amount of force in a direction opposite to the first object.

Isaac Newton is also credited with inventing calculus, which he used in calculating the motion of celestial bodies in his studies. However, another mathematician, Leibniz, also published works about calculus during the same time period, so a controversy exists as to which person should be credited with its invention. Since both men used different methods to develop similar ideas regarding calculus, it's generally accepted that both men developed an understanding of calculus independent of each other.

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In their school science classes, students learn about Isaac Newton's laws of motion and his work on understanding gravity. Students in history classes may learn about Newton's philosophical writings, and in advanced math classes, they could cover Newton's contribution to calculus.

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Some of Sir Isaac Newton's achievements include defining the law of gravity and the three laws of motion, inventing the reflecting telescope, defining theories of light and color and inventing calculus. Newton was a philosopher, mathematician and physicist who played an important role in the scientific Revolution of the 17th century.

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Isaac Newton’s scientific achievements include his three laws of motion — inertia, acceleration, and action and reaction the law of universal gravitation, the reflecting telescope and the theory of calculus. Newton published important written works, the most famous of which is “Principia Mathematica,” where he described elliptical orbits, forces in motion, fluids and mechanics.

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Isaac Newton developed the principles of modern physics through his studies on mathematics, optics and motion. His book "Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica," or "Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy," is often cited as the most influential document on physics. Isaac Newton is most famous for his law of gravitation.

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