The Industrial Revolution caused sweeping changes to Britain by ushering in scientific advancements, growth of technology, improvements to the fields of agriculture and production and an overall economic expansion. The Industrial Revolution began during the 18th century, and lasted well into the 19th century. During that time, the Revolution improved living conditions for British systems, created new jobs, increased and improved trade and introduced new technologies and advancements.
The Industrial Revolution breathed new life into the economy and spirit of Britain. British citizens, encouraged by economic opportunities and prosperity, took new pride in the label of British citizens. The Revolution improved upon existing economic activities like agriculture, and introduced new sectors, such as the metal industry. During the 18th century, the Industrial Revolution transformed agriculture from sustaining families and communities to an economic endeavor. New tools emerged to increase and facilitate crop production. Farmers grew a larger variety of crops, and more of them. Surpluses shipped throughout the country and across international borders. Industry flourished under the Revolution as prosperity increased the demand for consumer goods. Steam and coal emerged as leading sources of power to drive machines, including mills, trains, ships and factories. Infrastructure emerged and transportation systems improved during the Revolution too. Additionally, regions in Britain specialized in certain products and traded among themselves.