The Industrial Revolution began in Britain in the late 1700s. Britain's abundance of coal and iron is one of the main factors in the country becoming the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution.
Another contributing factor was Britain's stable society, which allowed a healthy marketplace to exist within colonies. Due to the high demand for goods from Britain, factories were built in order to create the goods in a timely and cost-efficient manner. The working class worked in dangerous conditions, had little to no job security and included children who performed life-threatening tasks. This led to Britain's labor and reform laws to improve the quality of life for the working class. Despite legislation to prevent the use of its technology outside of Britain, industrialization spread to other countries, including the United States.