The Indian Removal Act of 1830 gave the President of the United States the power to trade unsettled land to the Indians for land they inhabited in the same state. Andrew Jackson signed this act into law on May 28, 1830. It led to the famous "Trail of Tears" for the Cherokee nation, which led to the death of 4000 Indians who were removed from their land and forced to go west.Continue Reading
The Indians had always been in danger of losing their land since the Europeans began arriving in America. Once the colonies became a nation, the government passed laws affecting the Indians' rights to land. One law prohibited them from actually owning any land. The Cherokees attempted to make themselves a sovereign nation in an attempt to carve out an area they called their own.
President Jackson encouraged the passing of the Indian Removal Act to allow him and future presidents the right to move Indians westward, giving them unsettled land in trade for their land east of the Mississippi River. Some Indian tribes complied with the law, but others resisted and refused to sign any proposed treaties. Those groups that did sign treaties found that the government did not always honor them. Within seven years, 46,000 Indians had been removed from their homes.Learn more about US History
The Newlands Reclamation Act is a United States federal law passed in 1902 that provided funding for irrigation to first 13 states, then additional states with significant tracts of arid land. The act was funded by sale of semi-arid public land by the federal government.Full Answer >
The Trail of Tears was caused by the authorization and enforcement of the Indian Removal Act of 1830. This initiative, passed by President Andrew Jackson, forced over 20,000 Native Americans out of their ancestral lands in North Georgia. The vast majority of these Native Americans were from the Cherokee Nation.Full Answer >
The Lakota Indians, along with the Nakotas and Dakotas make up the Sioux nation of Indians. At its height, Sioux territory stretched from the Allegheny Mountains to the Rockies and from north of the Canadian border to the Gulf of Mexico.Full Answer >
The Cahuilla Band of Indians are based in Anza, California. The band encompasses the Agua, Caliente, Augustine, Cabazon, Cahuilla, Los Coyotes, Morongo, Ramona, Santa Rosa and Torres Martinez peoples, all of which live in Southern California.Full Answer >