The Holocaust officially ended in 1945 with a gradual liberation of the concentration camps as the Allies attacked the German army. At the end of the Holocaust, more than 50,000 Jewish survivors were staying in three occupation zones, namely Soviet, British and American.
The Holocaust lasted from January of 1933, when Adolf Hitler became Germanys chancellor, to May of 1945. The Jews who lived in Europe during this period were subjected to harsh persecution that led to the death of 6 million Jews, of which 1.5 million were children. Moreover, 5,000 Jewish communities were destroyed. The Jewish murders during this time represented two-thirds of Jews living in Europe and one-third of the world's Jewish community.
A gradual liberation of the camps took place as the war ended, with Soviet forces liberating both the Maidanek camp in Poland in July of 1944 and Auschwitz camps in January of 1945, the British liberating Bergen-Belsen camps in April of 1945 and the Americans liberating Dachau camps in April of 1945. The war was so severe that by 1942, six killing centers were established by the Nazis in Poland. The camps were near railway lines for convenience of transporting the Jews to these death camps. The Jews wore badges that identified them as Jews, and they were gathered in concentration camps or ghettos for transportation to the death camps.