Q:

What did Harry S. Truman do during World War II?

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Quick Answer

President Harry S. Truman oversaw the surrender of German troops, ordered the bombing of Japan and ratified the charter that established the United Nations. Although President Roosevelt put many of the policies that led to the end of the war in place before his death, Truman is credited with ending World War II.

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Full Answer

In April 1945, President Truman accepted the surrender of German troops and ended the war in Europe. In July, he traveled to Potsdam to meet with Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin to decide Germany's fate. While they agreed that the country should be occupied and demilitarized, the three leaders were unable to agree on a singular policy regarding reparations, settling on dividing Germany into east and west zones.

By August 1945, Truman turned his attention to the Pacific and ordered atomic bombs dropped on Japan, thus ending the war and preventing the massive American military casualties that would have been the result of an invasion. Some historians argue that the bombs also served as a message to Stalin, warning him against acting aggressively during post-war negotiations.

Truman joined the leaders of 50 other nations and signed the charter that established the United Nations, solidifying it as a global organization dedicated to maintaining peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations, achieving international co-operation and promoting human rights and international freedom.

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Related Questions

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    What ended World War II?

    A:

    On August 15, 1945, Japan surrendered to the Allied Powers, and Japanese officials signed the surrender documents on September 2, 1945, ending the war. The Japanese boarded the USS Missouri, a United States battleship, to sign the surrender documents.

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  • Q:

    What is a timeline for World War II?

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    The timeline of World War II officially begins in 1939, when Germany invaded Poland, causing Britain and France to declare war on Germany, and ends with Japan's surrender Sept. 2, 1945. But the first rumblings of World War II began in 1932, when the Nazi party won a majority in the German legislature and Japan invaded Manchuria, which it held until the war was over.

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    What are some interesting facts about Harry S. Truman ?

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    Harry S. Truman was the 33rd U.S. president, sworn in after the sudden death of former President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Truman was Roosevelt's vice president for only 82 days before being sworn in. In his early years, Truman grew up on a farm in Independence, Missouri, with his father, mule trader John Anderson Truman, and mother, Martha Ellen Truman. His poor eyesight prevented him from playing sports as a child, but Truman pursued his passions of reading and music.

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    What does the S in Harry S. Truman stand for?

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    President Harry S. Truman's middle initial 'S' is itself his middle name; the initial does not stand for anything. Apparently, Truman's parents were torn over whether to give their son a middle name in tribute to his maternal grandfather, Solomon Young, or his paternal grandfather, Anderson Shipp Truman, with Mr. and Mrs. Truman settling on the compromise of the single initial S. The practice of giving a child a single initial in place of a full name is an accepted convention in the Scotch-Irish tradition, and this practice can even be applied to a child's first name.

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