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What did George Stephenson invent?

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Quick Answer

According to the BBC, on July 25, 1814, George Stephenson invented and successfully tested the first steam-powered locomotive on a railway. The locomotive's nickname was "Blucher," and it first ran on the Cillingwood Railway.

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Full Answer

It took Stephenson 10 months to design and build the machine, with the engine constructed entirely by hand. Capable of moving at a maximum of 4 miles per hour, the locomotive hauled eight fully loaded coal wagons on its maiden run. Its success inspired the design of more steam-powered engines, and Stephenson would make 16 more in his career. In 1815, Stephenson also invented a safety lamp designed not to ignite when in the presence of volatile gases.

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