What Did the First Continental Congress Do When It Met?

When the first Continental Congress met in 1774, it called for a boycott of British goods and an embargo on exports if England did not rescind the Intolerable Acts. It also drafted a petition to King George III and explanatory statements to the people of North America, Quebec and England.

The first Continental Congress convened in Philadelphia in September and October of 1774 to organize colonial resistance to the Intolerable Acts, which legalized the imposition of martial law in the colonies. Delegates from 12 of the 13 colonies attended, including future presidents and other statesmen such as George Washington, John Adams, John Jay and Patrick Henry. On October 20, the Congress passed the Articles of Association, which threatened that the colonists would no longer import goods from England unless Parliament repealed the Intolerable Acts by December 1 and an embargo on exports to England if it did not repeal the acts by Sept. 10, 1775.

On October 26, the first Continental Congress sent a formal petition to King George III affirming its loyalty to the king, detailing colonial grievances and denying the right of Parliament to tax the colonies. The Congress drafted letters to the North American colonies, the colonists in Quebec and the British people stating the American position. Finally, the Continental Congress agreed to reconvene in May 1775.