Erik the Red named the land he discovered Greenland because of its green, fertile valleys and resources. After his discovery, he returned to Iceland to spread the word about the green land he had found.
Erik the Red was sentenced to exile in 982 for three years after a murder charge, and he made his discovery after sailing west of Iceland. Once he spread word of his discovery across Iceland, he led a fleet of 25 ships in 985 to Greenland. He brought 500 men and women plus domestic animals in order to start a new country. Only 14 of the 25 ships reached Greenland.