How did Egypt and Nubia unite in 747 BC?


Quick Answer

The two regions of Egypt, Upper and Lower Nubia, were united under the reign of Kashta, a chief of the Kushite empire. Kashta ruled over Upper Nubia and captured Lower Nubia during his reign, resulting in unison and an end to years of divided rule.

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Full Answer

Ramses II died in the 11th century, leaving behind a divided Egypt. One region called the Lower Egypt was controlled by the Pharaoh and Upper Egypt, which was under the authority of high priests. The credit for bringing the two regions back together goes to the Kush Empire. Historical evidence shows that the kushites drifted from using customs and rituals of Upper Egypt to those dominant in Lower Nubia, a clear indication of their desire to unite both the lands.

Alara (785-760 B.C) was the first of the chiefs of this dynasty. He brought order and stability to Upper Egypt before his brother and successor, Kashta, abolished all lines of division between the two states bringing Egypt together in 747 B.C. Kashta proclaimed himself as pharaoh, which is a title given to the rulers of the entire Egyptian land i.e. both Upper and Lower Egypt. Kashta's historic role ended with him handing power over to his son, Piye, who cemented the rule of the Kush on Egypt putting an end to all residual feuds in Upper and Lower Egypt.

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