Egypt was declared an independent state by the British Empire on Feb. 28, 1922. Leading up to this event, non-violent marches and protests began on March 15, 1919.
Saad Zaghlul formed the Egyptian Delegation Party during the First World War. The main purpose of the party was to gain independence for Egypt. It continued to grow and gain support, and in 1918, the Egyptian Delegation Party traveled to London to officially demand independence. They were turned down by the British authority, and Zaghlul and other leaders of the party were arrested and exiled to Malta. This event inspired thousands of citizens to sign petitions and hold boycotts, demonstrations and strikes until the British were forced to grant limited independence in 1922.