The nomadic Coahuiltecan Indians lived in round, dome-shaped houses that were constructed using poles and covered with matting, grass or cane. Low entrances opened into spacious interiors characterized by a central fire for light and deerskins for bedding.
Housing materials such as matting were usually transported with the occupants when they moved, although naturally-sourced materials such as grasses were generally left behind.
Each house contained up to 10 people, and it was common for settlements to comprise upwards of 15 individual homes. However, various population controls were practiced by Coahuiltecan Indians, including the killing of female offspring and abstinence from sex for 2 years after pregnancy.