The Cheyenne originally settled in Minnesota as a woodland tribe, but they became horse-nomads of the Great Plains in the 1600s due to the influx of European settlers in the east. The Cheyenne Nation occupied the land from the Black Hills of South Dakota to southern Colorado at its peak.
The Cheyenne used their nomadic existence to develop complex trading networks and typically lived on major waterways or near established travel routes. As a result of this, they commonly traded with white settlers.
As of 2014, Cheyenne Indians reside in two areas, including the Northern Cheyenne Tribe and Indian Reservation in Montana and the Southern Cheyenne and Arapaho tribe in Oklahoma.