The Cherokee are of Iroquoi descent and were originally located in the Great Lakes area, but they moved to the Southeast throughout the Carolinas, Georgia and eastern Tennessee. The discovery of gold in Georgia in 1828 prompted American settlers to push them out and relocate them westward.
The Trail of Tears marks the journey and plight of the Cherokee Nation during their relocation to Oklahoma with thousands dying along the way. Three strong communities of the Cherokee Nation exist in Oklahoma as federally recognized groups. The Cherokee are an advanced tribe with a written alphabet and language created by Sequoyah in 1821.