Carl Linnaeus, also known as Carolus Linnaeus or Carl von Linné, invented a classification system used to name living things. His classification system, called binomial nomenclature, is still being used and puts species into a hierarchical order.Continue Reading
Binomial nomenclature consists of naming each species by two Latin names: a genus name and a species name. Linnaeus even went so far as to place genera into orders, orders into classes and classes into kingdoms to put organisms into hierarchies and show relationships between organisms.
The binomial nomenclature naming system has several advantages over using common names to denote species. Scientists from different countries can refer to a species without getting confused. Binomial nomenclature transcends cultures and dialects. Common names may be the same for several species. For example, oak trees can belong to one of several different species. Binomial nomenclature differentiates between various species, whereas common names may not.Learn more about Inventions
Linnaeus based his early system of classification on the reproductive organs of plants, according to a history of Carl Linnaeus on the website of the University of California Museum of Paleontology. The class and order of a plant were decided by its stamens (male organs) and its pistils (female organs). Plants without obvious sexual orientation were lumped into the Class Cryptogamia, otherwise known as "plants with a hidden marriage."Full Answer >
In 1821, German mathematician Carl Friedrich Gauss invented the heliotrope, a device that utilizes a mirror to reflect sunlight over a distance to mark survey points. Heliotropes were commonly used in surveying until the 1980s when GPS technology replaced long-distance surveying.Full Answer >
Carolous Linnaeus developed the system by which all organisms are classified and named today. His work focused on a hierarchical classification system with a two-part naming system for every organism, known as binomial nomenclature.Full Answer >
Carl Linnaeus grouped organisms by the binominal system, a system he invented for separating animals and plants into a genus name and a species name. Linnaeus is called "the Father of Taxonomy" for his work in species classification.Full Answer >