Royal Navy Captain James Cook died on February 14, 1779, after he was stabbed in a scuffle with Hawaiian islanders when he attempted to take the local leader hostage. His death occurred during his third exploratory voyage on the HMS Endeavour.Continue Reading
Cook's third voyage was a failed attempt to find the fabled North-West Passage believed to link the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. When he could not find the route, he took his two ships and explored the island of Hawaii.
Cook and his crew were the first Europeans to ever see Australia, which Cook named New South Wales and claimed for Great Britain in 1769. He was hoping to locate the southernmost continent, Antarctica, which had not yet been discovered.Learn more about Modern History
Captain James Cook discovered Australia in 1770. Australia was first sighted by crew members on his ship on April 19th, 1770. On August 22nd, 1770, Captain Cook claimed the entire east coast of Australia for Great Britain.Full Answer >
Captain James Cook sailed the HM Bark Endeavour to Australia, marking the first contact between Australia and the European world. The Endeavour was not classified as a ship but as a bark or barque, which was the most common type of seagoing vessel at the time. It is not to be confused with the HM Sloop Endeavour, which was also in service in the British Royal Navy at the time.Full Answer >
The English explorer Captain James Cook made three voyages between 1768 and 1779. On the first, he mapped New Zealand and the eastern coast of Australia. On the second, he crossed the Antarctic Circle, naming many islands along his route. On the third, he discovered the Hawaiian Islands.Full Answer >
James Cook died on Feb. 14, 1779, after he was clubbed on the head and speared by a native Hawaiian. His death occurred in a battle on the beach at Kealakekua Bay.Full Answer >