The Suez Canal was of strategic importance to Britain, both for international shipping (particularly to India) and for its rule in Egypt. When Egypt was granted nominal independence in 1922, the security of British interests in the Suez Canal were maintained by a permanent military garrison.Continue Reading
British forces withdrew from the Suez Canal Zone in 1956, in which year the canal was nationalized by Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser.
Britain and France secretly plotted with Israel to invade Egypt and regain control. Following the conflict in 1957, the Suez Canal was returned to Egypt by the United Nations, along with reparations.
Even so, the actions of Britain and France had drawn Egypt into allegiance with the USSR.Learn more about Exploration & Imperialism
The construction of the Suez Canal connected the Mediterranean and Red Seas. This 101-mile waterway allowed ships to avoid traveling around the southern tip of Africa. The Suez Canal is the shortest route between Europe and the western Pacific and Indian Oceans.Full Answer >
The rivalry between Britain and Russia over Persia, an area now known as Iran, lasted nearly a century, and was primarily a fight to militarily control the region. Referred to by historians as "The Great Game," this battle for supremacy in expanding into Central Asia began in 1813, and ran through the early 20th century.Full Answer >
The two bodies of water connected by the Suez Canal are the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. The Suez Canal is located through a narrow strip of land in the north of Egypt.Full Answer >
The British Empire held Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Tonga, Fiji, Western Samoa, India, Burma, Papa New Guinea, Malaya, Sarawak, Brunei, Oman, Iraq, Egypt, Libya, Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, Northern and Southern Rhodesia, Tanganyika, Zanzibar, Mauritius, the Maldives, South Africa, Swaziland, Nigeria, Gold Coast, and Sierra Leone, among other countries during its reign. It has also held a portion of the present day United States and China.Full Answer >