Why Did Britain Lead the Industrial Revolution?

By Staff WriterLast Updated Mar 26, 2020 10:45:34 PM ET

Britain was able to lead the Industrial Revolution as it was politically and economically stable, it had a steady supply of coal for machinery and steam power and it was a leading colonial power with access to raw materials. In addition, an increase in population growth from the mid-18th century and more demand for exports abroad meant that Britain had to find ways to mass produce goods.

Britain led the Industrial Revolution due to a combination of demand for mass produced goods and the supplies at its disposal. In the early 18th century, most people in Britain lived in rural areas and produced their own goods. Towards the middle of the century, a population boom combined with a demand abroad for the products Britain could produced led to the demand needed for a revolution to happen. By the end of the century, significant advancements had been made with the steam engine and the country's railroad network was expanding, allowing for a smooth movement of goods.

Britain was able to lead the Industrial Revolution as it had a lot of coal at its disposal. This, combined with the steam train, meant it was easy to move materials and goods from place to place. As Britain was economically and politically stable, it was able to invest in the resources it needed to produce certain goods. Its mass colonization also gave it access to the raw goods other countries needed.