The Bosnian War took place when Bosnia and Herzegovina attempted to declare independence in the wake of the dissolution of Yugoslavia and when Serbia attempted to prevent this breakaway. Aided by forces from Serbia, Bosnian Serbs took up arms against the Bosniaks and Croats in the country, triggering a violent and destructive war that lasted for more than three years.Continue Reading
The roots of the conflict lay in the creation of Yugoslavia, a country formed out of very different ethnic groups in the wake of World War II. Originally, the country was ruled over by a strong, centrally planned Soviet government that governed all the different groups of citizens. When the Soviet Union collapsed, so did this central authority, and the country began to break up almost immediately afterward. A number of separate wars occurred during this process, including the Bosnian War.
At first, the Serbs held the upper hand in the Bosnian War, until an alliance between the Bosniaks and the Croats allowed them to focus on a common enemy. In addition, the revelation of acts of genocide and other war crimes drew the international community into the conflict against the Serbs. In the end, Bosnia and Herzegovina won independence, resulting in yet another new state rising from the ashes of Yugoslavia.Learn more about Modern History
The Balkan countries, as of 2014, are Romania, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Albania, and Greece. The European section of Turkey also lies within the Balkan Peninsula.Full Answer >
Eastern Europe includes the countries of Russia, the Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Moldova, Croatia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Slovenia, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Belarus, Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Kosovo and Macedonia. These countries are commonly grouped into the subregions of Eastern Europe, East Central Europe, the Baltics and the Balkans.Full Answer >
The most common cause of war is desire for ideological change, followed by separatist and independence concerns, and then resources and territory. Determining an exact cause for war is difficult due to the many factors at work and differences between the stated aims of the combatants and their actions.Full Answer >
The Seven Years' War was a conflict that took place between 1756 and 1763, and it involved England and France. The conflict affected multiple regions of the world, including the Philippines, Central America, the West African coast, India and North America.Full Answer >