The Blackfoot Indians ate a variety of game meat, berries and vegetables. Since they were known as nomads, they were not strong agriculturists, but were hunters and gatherers.
The Blackfoot Indians were primarily found in the Great Plains of the United States. Prior to the institution of reservations, the Blackfoot Indians could be found across the United States and Canada. Here, they focused on hunting buffalo, which made up approximately 90 percent of their diet. When the reservations were established, they had no choice but to change their diet and stopped relying on buffalo as a source of protein. This change was evident in the decline of their overall health.