Benito Mussolini came to power by forming the Fascist Party in 1919. Italy was in a state of unrest and the Fascist Party began gaining support on a national level.Continue Reading
By 1922, the country's chaos continued and Mussolini and his Fascist Party gathered and traveled to Rome. After arriving, King Victor Emmanuel III requested that Mussolini start forming a government in the hopes that he could restore order and prevent a communist takeover. During the next few years, he worked to form an effective government and in 1925, he officially became dictator of Italy.
Immediately after declaring himself dictator, the country became state-controlled and Mussolini began restoring order in Italy by putting establishing programs to help the poor and improve the economy. Although he was successful at first in improving his country economy-wise, his outlawing of other political parties and censorship of the press interrupted the daily life of Italians. In 1935, Mussolini invaded Abyssinia and in 1939, he signed the the Pact of Steel alongside Adolph Hitler. Following Nazi Germany's lead, he also brought about strong feelings of anti-Semitism throughout Italy as he implemented Jewish discrimination policies. Mussolini continued to reign for several years until the Allied Forces stepped in 1942 and arrested him. Three years later, Mussolini was executed.Learn more about Modern History
Benito Mussolini became prime minister of Italy because the Italian king at the time, Victor Emmanuel III, was worried about what would happen after the march on Rome for the Fascist movement. Mussolini led the march and was interested in holding power as he felt that he needed to create a Roman Empire in Italy as part of his destiny.Full Answer >
The biggest role Benito Mussolini played in World War II was allying with the Nazi leader Adolf Hitler in 1939. Mussolini believed that by allying with Nazi Germany, the British and French forces could be defeated.Full Answer >
Notable events of 1979 include the Iranian hostage crisis, the establishment of an Islamic Republic in Iran, and Saddam Hussein coming to power, events with long-reaching consequences into the 21st century. The year also marked some historic firsts, with Margaret Thatcher becoming the first female prime minister of Great Britain, Pope John Paul II becoming the first pope to visit a communist country, and Pluto entering Neptune's orbit for the first time in recorded history.Full Answer >
Vladimir Lenin came to power after the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution, also known as the October Revolution. He denounced Russia's government and called for a Soviet government instead. This revolution led to three years of civil war that ended when Lenin's Soviet forces were victorious.Full Answer >