By 1922, the country's chaos continued and Mussolini and his Fascist Party gathered and traveled to Rome. After arriving, King Victor Emmanuel III requested that Mussolini start forming a government in the hopes that he could restore order and prevent a communist takeover. During the next few years, he worked to form an effective government and in 1925, he officially became dictator of Italy.
Immediately after declaring himself dictator, the country became state-controlled and Mussolini began restoring order in Italy by putting establishing programs to help the poor and improve the economy. Although he was successful at first in improving his country economy-wise, his outlawing of other political parties and censorship of the press interrupted the daily life of Italians. In 1935, Mussolini invaded Abyssinia and in 1939, he signed the the Pact of Steel alongside Adolph Hitler. Following Nazi Germany's lead, he also brought about strong feelings of anti-Semitism throughout Italy as he implemented Jewish discrimination policies. Mussolini continued to reign for several years until the Allied Forces stepped in 1942 and arrested him. Three years later, Mussolini was executed.Learn more about Modern History