Andrew Jackson did not attend college. At the age of 13, he enlisted in the Continental Army, and in 1784, he decided to become a lawyer. After reading law for 3 years, he was admitted into the North Carolina bar in 1787.Continue Reading
Jackson was born on March 15, 1767 on the border of North and South Carolina. After becoming a lawyer, he took a position as prosecuting attorney in Tennessee. He became a politician in the ensuing years. He also was a major general in charge of American forces during the War of 1812.
He ran for the office of President in 1824. However, because the different candidates in this election did not receive the majority of the electoral votes, the House of Representatives had to decide who would be the next president. The candidates were Andrew Jackson, Quincy Adams and William Crawford. Quincy Adams was selected. Jackson later won the Presidency in 1828 and served from 1829 to 1837. He survived the first assassination attempt on a U.S. President in 1835, and passed away on June 8, 1845 at the Hermitage in Nashville, Tenn.Learn more about US History
Andrew Jackson changed the presidency by shifting the base of political power from its stronghold in the east to the western frontier of Tennessee. Also, unlike previous presidents, he did not defer to Congress in policy making, but used his party leadership and presidential veto to maintain absolute power.Full Answer >
Andrew Jackson's most significant failure as president was to allow the state of Georgia to evict the Cherokee Indians from their indigenous lands. His economic decisions contributed heavily to the Panic of 1837, and his practice of giving cronies political positions introduced the "spoils system" to American politics.Full Answer >
Andrew Jackson's favorite hobby was horse racing and horse breeding. He owned many race horses over his life and raced them often in his days before and after becoming president. He also raised gamecocks and entered his birds in the cockfights around Nashville.Full Answer >
The people who benefited the most from Andrew Jackson's spoils system were loyal political supporters of Jackson. The spoils system refers to the fact that Jackson gave hundreds of federal jobs to his supporters in the first months of his presidency. In all, Jackson replaced over 900 federal employees. The term "spoils system" is derived from the statement "to the victor belong the spoils," spoken by William Marcy.Full Answer >