Andrew Carnegie was an American industrialist and businessman who lived from 1835 until 1919. His role in the steel industry helped steel become the predominant material used in the construction of the railroads that unified the United States from east to west. Carnegie eventually gave away a large portion of his fortune. The money was used to build libraries, put organs in churches and fund scientific research and education.Continue Reading
Andrew Carnegie's role in the steel business had both positive and negative effects on American society. While Carnegie Steel did make possible the construction of railroads and other machines to make transportation of goods, services and people easier than ever, the conditions in his factories also led to some of the most notable strikes in history. In 1892, workers struck against wage decreases and unsafe work conditions, which included the use of simple wool long underwear as protective gear. Many deaths and serious injuries occurred as a result of unsafe factory conditions.
As a philanthropist, Carnegie contributed greatly to the fostering of education in the United States. He gave away the bulk of his wealth, over $350 million, to libraries and charitable organizations. The building of libraries made knowledge more accessible to the common man. Among his gifts were the land and materials needed to build Carnegie Hall, a New York City performance venue.Learn more about Industrial Revolution
Many accounts of Andrew Carnegie state that he exploited his workers, and at one point he lowered wages by 30 percent, leading to a strike. Many worked for long hours, seven days a week, and were cast aside when they were no longer physically able to meet his demands.Full Answer >
Andrew Carnegie's primary area of interest when it came to charitable donations was education. He also donated generously to scientific research and world peace. He is considered the father of American philanthropy.Full Answer >
During the second half of the 1800s, powerful American businessmen, such as John D. Rockefeller, Jay Gould, Andrew Carnegie and J.P. Morgan, were often viewed as "robber barons" because of their alleged unethical accumulation of wealth through monopolistic business practices. Recent examinations of these powerful business magnates, which began in the 20th century, began to promote the "industrial statesmen" view. The new writings provided a more balanced outlook that placed a greater focus on these individuals' contributions to the American economy, their innovative business-expansion strategies and their considerable philanthropic contributions and endowments.Full Answer >
The impact of the scientific revolution was that experiments became more controlled, while scientists were able to discover new ways of finding whether a particular belief was true. The communication involved in the era allowed scientists to collaborate with other professionals through all disciplines.Full Answer >