The area that is known as Egypt today was called Kemet, which means "black" or "black land," due to the rich black soil left behind after the yearly Nile floods. The word "Egypt" is actually taken from the word "Kemet," but that is not the only name the Ancient Egyptians gave their land. They also called it "Gift of the Nile" because the only thing not covered by the red sands of the desert was the rich fertile lands along the river itself.
The Nile and its gifts were the life blood of the Egyptian people, so naming their country after what kept them alive is not very surprising. The residents of the Nile were able to plant the same land every year without fear of it losing nutrients and there were some crops that they could plant twice a year. The Nile was also the main means of transport through the country, as well as being a defense. The river along with the desert surrounds the country, making its natural fortifications its strongest defense. It took very little man power or supplies for the Egyptians to protect themselves from outsiders. The land gave them all the food, transport and protection they needed to become an extremely powerful country.