Although soldiers at the beginning of Egypt's New Kingdom period wore no armor, they began to wear bronze or leather helmets and armor after they defeated Hyksos. Around the same time, they went from using primitive weapons to more effective weapons like spears, swords and daggers.Continue Reading
A soldier's rank generally factored into the type of armor that he would wear. A senior commander was protected by bronze armor, while other lesser-ranking soldiers wore heavy cloth patches called sporrans in front of the genital area and were protected by only light shields made from animal hides.
The lowest-ranking of all men in the Egyptian army were conscripted into service by the pharaoh against their will. These men were often armed with just a spear, and they went into battle wearing only a pair of sandals and a tunic.
The Egyptian army was broken up into distinct ranks, and there were 50 ranks in all. The highest of all ranks were not earned but were instead passed down from a father to his son. Divisions of the army were broken into groups of 5,000 men who were led by a general. The divisions were broken down further into companies numbering 200 men and then finally into platoons of 10 men. The banner of the local god would fly above the division.Learn more about Ancient Egypt
The daily life of Ancient Egyptian slaves revolved around the work they were required to perform. They were the lowest class of society, but in many instances they were more fortunate than free peasants who were taxed a portion of their produce.Full Answer >
A simple timeline of Ancient Egypt begins with the settlement of the Nile circa 7000 B.C. and ends with the Greek invasion of Egypt led by Alexander the Great. Between these times, archaeologists have divided the history of Ancient Egypt into six periods within three kingdoms. The three kingdoms indicate times of prosperity and growth. Other notable events to include on a timeline are the start of the first dynasty and the construction of the pyramids.Full Answer >
The roles of men in ancient Egypt were to inherit their fathers' job, help provide for their families and take care of their parents in old age. Traditional gender roles were not typical of ancient Egyptian culture. Male roles were much less dominant than in other societies of the time, or even in many modern ones.Full Answer >
The civil servants of ancient Egypt were called scribes, or sekhau. Scribes had many roles, including tax collection, conducting the census and overseeing the harvest and distribution of the food supply.Full Answer >