Homes in ancient Egypt varied based on the social status of the inhabitant. They did share some similar characteristics including flat roofs, a centrally located hearth and an average of four rooms.
The lower social class made their homes out of mud, since it was the most abundant and cost effective material available. They mixed mud with straw and formed bricks. After letting the bricks dry in the sun, they would stack them to build the homes. The high social classes built their houses in the same style, but they used high quality materials. Stone mined from quarries was by far the most popular.