Ancient Egyptian artisans created works of art and ornamental furnishings primarily for the noble and wealthy of Egypt. Because so many of the items they crafted went into Egyptian tombs, archaeologists have a very good record of what the top tier of artisans created.Continue Reading
The ancient Egyptians loved their beautiful things, and an entire class of workmen developed around creating them. Builders of furniture, crafters of jewelry and grooming tools, weavers and seamstresses all found a place in the artisan hierarchy. Artisans generally passed their trades from parent to child. In some cases, artisans were brought together in enough numbers to populate entire towns, as in regions near burial sites, important temples or royal palaces.
These artisans were cognizant of their high status. During the 20th dynasty of the New Kingdom, artisans staged the first workers' strike when they did not get supplies for making beer. They won.Learn more about Ancient Egypt
In the highly ordered social hierarchy of the Ancient Egyptian civilization, merchants enjoyed a status in their society just below that of a scribe. Because scribes were well-educated, vital to the administration of the government and members of the upper class, merchants found themselves living and working at a level of Egyptian society that placed them comfortably above the ranks of farmers, servants and slaves. They were also able to travel outside of their civilization to trade Egyptian goods for in-demand import items, such as ebony and cedar wood, ivory and animal skins.Full Answer >
Some of the ancient Egyptian artisans included sculptors, painters, weavers, metalworkers, jewelers, scribes, carpenters, stone workers and potters. These craftsmen were skilled and played an important role in the ancient community.Full Answer >
Queen Hatshepsut, the fifth pharaoh of the 18th dynasty of ancient Egypt, commissioned the construction of hundreds of project throughout the kingdom during her reign. Additionally, she sent envoys to areas in Africa and the Middle East to engage in trade and diplomacy, as well as limited military expeditions to those regions.Full Answer >
Nubia was Egypt's gateway into the African interior and a rich source of certain raw materials, including gold, carnelian and ivory. The two countries had a complex trade relationship dating into prehistory.Full Answer >