Ancient China traded with a number of countries, including Korea and Japan. China also traded with various African and European countries.Continue Reading
The establishment of silk trade routes by the Han Dynasty expanded China's reach beyond its own borders as it became a more economically viable nation. Called the Silk Road, the path for trading goods extended across regional borders. It is important to note that at this point in history, China's provinces were not united and as such, trade between dynasties were similar to trade between China and other countries.
In the early part of the 3rd millennium B.C., the Greek empire had established itself in Central Asia, which helped create opportunities for Chinese trade with Greece by 200 B.C. By the time Rome had conquered Egypt in 30 B.C., China had established trade routes to Southeast Asia, India, the Middle East and Europe.
During the reign of the Song Dynasty, maritime trade extended China's reach to Korea and Japan. By the 16th century, China had a thriving trade with Great Britain. Trade with American colonies did not flourish until the 19th century, during which time the tea and opium industries grew. By the mid-1800s, America was exporting more textiles to China than in previous years as cotton production aided the development of local cloth.Learn more about Ancient History
The prodigious land area of ancient China harbored resources like coal, drinking water, numerous minerals and plant and animal life. China is the biggest producer of salt on Earth, with 17 million tons annually. There are 760 billion tons of coal located in China's Shanxi region, and the 3 trillion cubic meters of rainfall and river water rank 6th in the world.Full Answer >
Great Britain took Hong Kong from China after winning the First Opium War and took southern Kowloon after winning the Second Opium War. Portugal claimed the Macau region and kept it until 1999. France took over the region that is now northern Vietnam from China by winning the Sino-French War.Full Answer >
The climate of ancient China varied from scorching and humid summers in some places to extreme cold and and freezing temperatures in the highlands. The terrain and diverse topographical features of the country contributed to the disparate weather conditions experienced by the Chinese people.Full Answer >
China had several alternative names in ancient times including Chixian Shenzhou, Hua and Xia. The oldest is Chixian Shenzhou, which means the sacred earth and divine land. This reference was found in a book dating between 475 and 221 B.C.Full Answer >