The American Revolution began in Lexington on April 19, 1775. Over the course of the Revolutionary War, between 1775 and 1783, battles occurred in a variety of locations across Eastern North America, the Atlantic and the Caribbean.
A revolt against the rule of Great Britain and the taxes they imposed, the Revolutionary War began with an exchange of weapons fire at the village green in Lexington, reportedly resulting in eight mortally wounded Americans and one wounded British soldier. The British troops continued on to Concord, where they met strong resistance and were forced to retreat back to Boston. During their retreat, they suffered heavy damages from revolutionary troops throughout the journey. This first battle was the culmination of a variety of perceived injustices and skirmishes.
After the conclusion of the war, in 1783, the British agreed to relinquish their hold on America, granting them their Independence, in return for peace and a cease to hostilities. After the war, the 13 independent American states agreed to the Articles of Confederation to act as an alliance. However, this alliance was not particularly effective, and so, to form a stronger union, in 1787 the Constitution was produced. While changes have been made to the Constitution, this document still forms the basis of the American Government.