Many factors contributed to the beginning of the Civil War, most notably the divisive issue of whether or not slavery would be allowed in the territories of the United States. At the time, the United States was rapidly expanding westward, and the newly-elected President Lincoln vowed that the newly-acquired land would not allow slavery.Continue Reading
CivilRights.org notes that there were several issues central to the Civil War, in addition to slavery. Free and slave-states held different positions regarding State's rights and taxation. The North and South had different economic interests that led to conflict, the North focusing on industry and manufacturing and the South driven by agriculture.
Several southern states seceded from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America, or the Confederacy, in reaction to Lincoln's anti-slavery decree. Although the succession was not formally recognized, the Union had to react. However, when the Confederate army captured Fort Sumter in 1861, and rose its own Confederate flag, the Civil War began.
South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Mississippi, Alabama,Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee all seceded over the course of the war. The Union captured Confederate President Jefferson Davis in Georgia on May 10, 1865, ending the war and beginning the long end of slavery, as an institution in the United States.Learn more about US History
Battlefield maps are used to show how key factors such as terrain, supply and logistics affected the outcome of various Civil War battles. They are also used to show how these factors impacted tactics and strategy that determined the outcomes of other battles both before and after the Civil War.Full Answer >
Border states in the American Civil War were states that permitted slavery but did not leave the Union to join the Confederacy. The states recognized by both sides as border states were Kentucky, Maryland, Delaware, Missouri and West Virginia.Full Answer >
The Confederacy lost the Civil War for a variety of reasons, chief among them a lack of resources and manpower. The North had more soldiers, more manufacturing and agricultural capacity, and the ability to blockade Southern ports. The institution of slavery also made it difficult to generate political support overseas.Full Answer >
The Compromise of 1850 set up an untenable status quo between the northern and southern regions of the United States in terms of slavery policy. The U.S. Congress intended to achieve a sustainable solution for the conflict over slavery policy. However, the Compromise of 1850 merely delayed the inevitable schism between rivalling regions of the nation.Full Answer >