Abraham Lincoln made a name for himself as an outspoken state congressman and lawyer before gaining national attention over his debates with Stephen Douglas during the 1958 Illinois senatorial race. Lincoln's court-proven legal prowess made him one of the most prominent politicians in the state. His candid personality and philosophical framing of the issues helped propel him to the presidency.Continue Reading
Lincoln began his public career in 1832, with a bid for the Illinois state legislature. He lost the election, but his affable nature made him popular in the locality, helping him win consecutively from 1834 to 1840. There, his antislavery position brought him to the inner circle of the state Whig party.
Around this time, Lincoln passed the bar exam and opened a private practice. He proved to be a skilled litigator. His extensive work in cases related to the new railroad system bolstered both his personal fortune - his $5,000 income exceeded the governor's salary - and his reputation.
Lincoln's local fame allowed him to finally win a seat in the House of Representatives in 1846. His opposition to the Mexican War won him the party's trust, even though it hurt his image with the general population. Throughout the 1850s, Lincoln unsuccessfully ran for political office. His campaign speeches during this decade, often filled with insightful philosophical rhetoric regarding the slavery issue, catapulted him to the center stage of the newly formed Republican Party.Learn more about US History
Abraham Lincoln ran against Constitutional Union candidate John Bell, Southern Democrat John C. Breckinridge and Northern Democrat Stephen Douglas. Being the first Republican to become president in the history of the United States, Lincoln won with a mere 40 percent of the popular vote against his three opponents.Full Answer >
Abraham Lincoln served as the 16th President of the United States. Lincoln took office in 1861 and won re-election in 1864. Lincoln did not serve out his second term in office, as John Wilkes Booth assassinated him on April 14, 1865 as he watched a play at Ford's Theater.Full Answer >
Abraham Lincoln's major accomplishments include the Emancipation Proclamation, Homestead Acts, and the establishment of the United States Department of Agriculture. Historically, Abraham Lincoln is one of the most effective and influential United States presidents.Full Answer >
Abraham Lincoln had several professions over his lifetime, but most notably, he was the 16th president of the United States of America. Elected in 1860, Lincoln led the country through the American Civil War. By issuing the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, Lincoln freed all slaves in the Confederate States, a major stepping stone to the eventual abolishment of slavery in America.Full Answer >