The abolition movement promoted the end of the slave trade and slavery. Early abolitionists called for a gradual end to slavery. Some of the founding fathers, such as Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin, promoted the end of slavery although they themselves kept slaves most of their lives.Continue Reading
Emancipation in many northern states was gradual with those who were slaves remaining slaves and children of slaves considered to be born free. A great number of abolitionists opposed slavery on religious and moral grounds, and there were also those who argued it was unconstitutional. The abolitionist movement founded Liberia in West Africa, where thousands of slaves were relocated in the early 19th century. However, many slaves opposed this colonization and simply wished to get their rights as free people. As the abolitionist movement became more radical, with some advocating armed rebellion, the issue became a political lightning rod.
When Abraham Lincoln was elected, seven Southern states decided to secede. The American Civil War broke out in April 1861. When Lincoln called for troops to suppress the rebellion, four more slave states seceded. In 1863, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed slaves held in the Confederate states. The Thirteenth Amendment (ratified in December 1865) abolished slavery in the United States for good.Learn more about US History
Colonists in New York made their living in a variety of ways, including fur and lumber trading, shipping, the slave trade and farming. By the end of the 17th century, New York was a prosperous colony with a thriving mercantile network.Full Answer >
Some of the major compromises agreed to by the United States Constitutional Convention of 1787 were the national government's lack of veto power regarding new state laws, the method by which members of Congress would be apportioned and the continuance of the slave trade for at least another 20 years. One of the major debates revolved around how "proportional representation" was to be defined. The delegates representing the smaller states were wary of a strong federal government and did not want the degree of their representation to be based on population.Full Answer >
The Civil War was a complex conflict stemming from myriad causes including slavery, trade, and federal structure, and as such it is a matter of opinion as to whether or not it was preventable. Many forces were in play at the war's outset and at the time many outcomes seemed possible.Full Answer >
There were many positive effects of the Civil War; for example, slavery was banned, citizenship was granted to all people born in the U.S., and the women's rights movement gained traction. The nation came together when it witnessed that states could not simply choose to leave the union, and the idea of the states as one single country became more prominent.Full Answer >