The Presidential Succession Act of 1947 identifies the Speaker of the House and the Senate President pro tempore as the second and third successors to the presidential seat, according to the U.S. Senate. A successor temporarily accepts presidential duties when the current president and vice president are deceased, discharged from office or unable to assume responsibility for other reasons, CNN states.Continue Reading
Congress eliminated the House Speaker and President pro tempore from succession in 1886, placing Cabinet members, such as the Secretary of State, further up the line, according to the U.S. Senate. Some Congress members questioned the election process for the President pro tempore and believed Cabinet positions offered a clearer demonstration of executive abilities.
Before 1886, the President pro tempore was directly behind the Vice President in line, but the 1947 act named the House Speaker as the second successor. Official accounts say President Harry Truman proposed this new legislation due to the House Speaker's position as an elected district representative with the people's vote, but the U.S. Senate also suggests that Truman had an uneasy relationship with the current President pro tempore in 1945.
In 2004, Congressman Brad Sherman proposed new reforms to presidential succession laws, which included removing the House Speaker and President pro tempore from the line, CNN reports.Learn more about US History
According to About.com's Steve Smith, the nickname "Tricky Dick" for Richard Nixon, the 37th President of the United States, was a response to smear campaign he ran against Helen Douglas when both were competing for a Senate seat in 1950. He was first referred to as "Tricky Dick" in a 1950 newspaper campaign funded by a Democratic committee urging citizens to “Look at Tricky Dick Nixon’s Republican Record.”Full Answer >
Obamacare was able to pass into law because, for a brief period of time, the Democratic Party held the White House, a majority in the House of Representatives and a supermajority in the Senate all at the same time. Obamacare is officially known as the Affordable Care Act.Full Answer >
The Great Compromise of 1787 was a measure proposed at the United States Constitutional Convention of 1787, which created a system for proportional representation in the House of Representatives, while maintaining equal representation in the Senate. This measure satisfied representatives from both large and small states, who did not want their citizens to be underrepresented in the new government.Full Answer >
In the United States as of 2014, candidates for Congress must be 25 years old to run for a seat in the House of Representatives and 30 years old to run for a seat in the Senate. Other countries have other age minimums for their respective legislative bodies.Full Answer >