The definition of an alliance system is a formal agreement or treaty between two or more nations to cooperate for specific purposes. An alliance system can also be defined as an agreement between individuals, families or corporations. However, the term alliance system is most often used in reference to a historical event when an agreement was reached to prevent the outbreak of war or to define territorial borders.Continue Reading
The outbreak of World War I best exemplifies how an alliance system works. The original cause of this war was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, an heir to the Austrian throne. Because a Serbian national was responsible for the assassination, Serbia and Austria-Hungary declared war on each other.
The fact that this event caused the involvement of the United States and European nations is due to the alliance systems that were formed at that time. For example, Russia was allied with Serbia because of an existing treaty, so this nation became involved in the war. Likewise, a treaty bound Germany as an ally to Austria, so this nation became involved as well.
Furthermore, France was allied to Russia and Britain was allied to France, so these nations became involved as well. Ultimately, alliance systems led to a world war because all of the major nations had treaties with one another that determined their alliance in the event that war broke out.Learn more about World War 1
The Treaty of Versailles created nine new nations: Finland, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Poland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia. The treaty was written by the Allies without German help starting in January of 1919 and ending in June of 1919.Full Answer >
The Treaty of Versailles at the end of World War I granted Italy a seat on the League of Nations, a share in German war reparations and control of the Tyrol region of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Italy had expected much more, fueling resentment that would lead to the rise of fascism.Full Answer >
Germany felt that the Treaty of Versailles was unfair because it forced them to pay reparations to various countries, make territorial concessions and disarm. It also contained a War Guilt clause that required Germany to accept the blame for causing the damages and losses suffered during the war. The costs of reparation was 132 billion German marks, or roughly $31.4 billion.Full Answer >
The Treaty of Versailles punished Germany by taking away territories and overseas colonies, reducing the size of the nation's army and forcing Germany to pay reparations. Essentially, Germany was forced to take the blame for World War I.Full Answer >