The Continental Army was created on June 14, 1775 by the Second Continental Congress. The next day, George Washington was named commander-in-chief of the new military force.
The Continental Army was created in response to the Battles of Concord and Lexington in April of 1775 that were fought by the Massachusetts state militia. The creation of the Continental Army was the first unified military force since previous forces were comprised of the militia from individual states. Congress also paid for the creation of 10 regiments of riflemen from the Mid-Atlantic states to join the formation of troops in Boston. This later become the 1st Regiment of the Continental Army.