What Was the Culture of Mesopotamia?

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Some of civilization’s first cities were founded by the Sumerian people in Mesopotamia, which is located in the valley between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. In Mesopotamia, women were wives and mothers and took care of household duties. Men were trained from an early age for specialized jobs such as masons, musicians, builders or politicians. Big events such as weddings were celebrated with parties and festivals.

There were also certain rites performed by members of Mesopotamian society. Once children were of age, their parents secured an arranged marriage for them. During the marriage ceremony it is believed that the husband poured perfume over his bride’s head. During a celebration, the type of food and drink available to guests was determined by the host’s social status. Families usually had three or four children. There was a high infant mortality rate, leading to women wearing amulets during pregnancy to protect them from miscarriage. Rituals were performed after a child’s birth so that it would not be taken by a demon or deity. One of the Mesopotamian burial customs was to place the deceased individual’s body in a ceramic jar and seal the jar with clay. Other methods involved wrapping the body in a mat or rug before burial.