Creek Indians occupied a part of southeast United States, which became Alabama and Georgia. They got the name Creek from the European colonists who based the name on Ocheese Creek. Their original name was Ocmulgee or Muscogee.
The Creek Indians were not nomadic and established large towns where they lived. The towns were fairly self-sufficient as they had their own land and governments. When the number of people grew to a certain number, the Creek Indians divided themselves, and one group would go to build another town miles away. They made houses from sticks and long grass with thatched roofs. Each town had a ceremonial shrine that served as the main town center. The Creek built their houses around the town center. Due to the influence from the colonists, they started building the houses from wood.
By 1650, the Creek Indians traded with the English and made large profits selling slaves. When the settlers started buying slaves from Africa, the Creeks started trading deer skins and other furs. After the American Revolution, the United States started a program to turn the Creeks into planters and ranchers. Some accepted the program, while others opposed it, leading to a civil war in 1813.