Bronze Age Mesopotamia was located in the southwest part of Asia in what is now Iraq, Kuwait, Iran and Syria. Mesopotamia means “between two rivers,” referring to its location between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers.
Both Mesopotamian rivers originated in the mountains of Turkey, which was the northern edge of the empire. Mesopotamia reached as far as the Mediterranean Sea and included the cities of Aleppo and Hama in Syria and Assur and Hatra in Iraq. Most settlements in the region were spread along the two rivers from the headwaters in Turkey to where the rivers united in the Persian Gulf. The Persian Gulf extended farther into southeastern Iraq during the Bronze Age, so Mesopotamia included only small portions of Iran and Kuwait.