The 8-mile long Confederation Bridge connects the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island and New Brunswick. Worldwide, it is the longest bridge to span ice-covered water. The bridge was chosen by popular vote to replace ferry service between the provinces. The $1 billion bridge, which took four years to complete, was opened on May 31, 1997.Continue Reading
The bridge has a concrete box girder structure that rests on more than 60 piers. The hollow interior design allows utility lines to cross the water, connecting Prince Edward Island to the mainland. The elevation of the Confederation Bridge runs between 131 and 200 feet. This is high enough to allow sea ships such as cruise liners to pass beneath it.
Many safety features were incorporated into the design. The bridge has gentle curves so drivers must pay attention. The bituminous mixture that covers the road reduces the amount of water that vehicles spray up during wet weather. Barriers over 3 1/2 feet high serve as windbreakers and also reduce distractions. Rainwater, melting snow and ice exit the bridge through over 7,000 drain ports. However, during high winds, vehicles taller than 7 feet 2 inches, motorcycles and towing vehicles are prohibited from using the bridge.
Driving across the bridge takes about 10 minutes. Only passenger and commercial vehicles are allowed to cross it. Because of safety considerations, pedestrians and bicyclists must take shuttles.Learn more about US History
Callers can locate individuals living in New Brunswick and other Canadian provinces and territories by dialing 411. In addition, several websites including 411.ca and 411Canada.ca offer online directory services for New Brunswick.Full Answer >
New Brunswick entered the Canadian Confederation in 1867 because the settlers thought that joining with Canada would be good for the economy and out of fear that the United States would want to expand northward into the colony.Full Answer >
Manitoba joined the Confederation as a proactive way to protect their rights and land. Canadians hoped to expand west to prevent the United States from expanding upwards and downwards, soon after the U.S. had purchased Alaska.Full Answer >
The Articles of Confederation failed because of the lack of a strong central government. The Articles had a number of weaknesses that caused them to be rewritten and turned into the current U.S. Constitution.Full Answer >