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What are some common projections for the future of technology?

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Some common projections for the future of technology, as of 2015, include transportation-related advances in driverless vehicles and ultra high-speed travel, along with medical breakthroughs in pharmaceutical testing and chemotherapy treatment. Futurists also foresee significant strides for computers in terms of size and capacity.

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Future roadways will not only contain self-driving cars but also money-saving self-driving trucks. Robot rigs will mean lengthier trips and a safer, smoother ride requiring less fuel. Meanwhile, the hyperloop train concept, able to travel at nearly 800 miles per hour via a vacuum tube system, will journey from Los Angeles to San Francisco in just over 30 minutes, predicts SpaceX founder Elon Musk. With test runs targeted for 2017, the Hyperloop is just around the corner from becoming reality.

The future of pharmaceuticals could see emerging drugs being tested via "organ chips," silicon components containing actual living cells able to simulate the human heart, kidneys, liver or other organs; this method would render animal testing obsolete. Elsewhere in medicine, chemotherapy procedures could improve dramatically using nanoparticles, which are minuscule messengers able to transmit targeted doses of medication directly to diseased cells. The process would sharply diminish the deleterious physical side effects associated with chemotherapy's current methodology.

The supercomputers of tomorrow will be the size of sugar cubes, according to IBM computer scientists. A redesigned computer chip, capable of connecting via miniature drops of liquidized nanoparticles, will make it possible. Also, before long, information contained within a computer system will be calculated in terms of zettabytes, equal to 1,000 exabytes or 1 billion terabytes. As machines are able to handle more demanding amounts of data, a zettabyte will be as commonplace in the future as a gigabyte has been in the past.

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