What Are Some Facts About the Comanche Indian Tribes?

The Comanche Indians originally lived in the Great Plains region of North America and were considered a branch of the Shoshone tribe. In 1700, the Comanche split from the Shoshone tribes and moved into the southern plains in parts of what is modern day Oklahoma, New Mexico and Texas. The Comanche eventually separated into 12 different tribes.

The Comanche diet mainly consisted of buffalo meat, fruits, nuts and wild root vegetables, and their homes were teepees made from buffalo hide. Comanche women dressed in long deerskin dresses, and men wore buckskin war shirts and breechcloths with leather leggings. The Comanche wore moccasins on their feet, and when they were cold, they donned long buffalo-hide robes. Traditional headdresses were made of eagle feathers with ermine tails hanging from the back. It was Comanche tradition to only cut hair when in mourning.

The Comanche, along with other tribes, signed the Treaty of Medicine Lodge in 1867. This treaty forced the tribes onto reservations, where they were promised safety from white settlers. The Comanche fought in the Battle of Adobe Walls against the U.S. Army and bison hunters. It was one of the largest battles ever fought in the Great Plains, but the opposing forces defeated the Comache and allied tribes.

As of 2015, 15,191 members of the Comanche tribe are registered on the tribe's official website, Comanche Nation. The website publishes articles and lists events that involve the Comanche people, their traditions and their culture.