The colonization of Indonesia started with the Dutch in the early 17th century. The Japanese came to occupy Indonesia from 1942 to 1945. Indonesia declared its independence on Aug. 17, 1945.
Indonesia is situated in southeastern Asia, comprising an archipelago of more than 13,000 islands. Indonesia lies between the Indian and Pacific Oceans and has a total area of about 735,000 square miles, making it the 15th largest country in the world. Indonesia is bordered by Timor-Leste, Malaysia and Papua New Guinea. Indonesia has a tropical climate. The population of Indonesia is approximately 253.6 million people, as of 2014, making it the fifth most populated country in the world.