The climate of Rome included freezing winters, frigid rains, warm and wet summers, moist winds and drought. Humidity and coolness were more prevalent in the early days of Rome. There were also varied weather patterns from 250 to 600 A.D., and experts believe there was a period of dryness by the third century.Continue Reading
Before the decline of the Roman Empire, witness accounts stated that cool summers, freezing weather and harsh winters occurred when Rome was a kingdom and a republic. There were also reports of the Danube and Rhine Rivers freezing over, which allowed invading armies to venture into Rome. The southern part of Italy was marked with greater precipitation and arid weather. A cooler climate was present from 600 to 100 B.C. There were also conflicting reports of whether heavy moisture was present in the east from 1 to 600 A.D. By the time of Augustus' reign, the climate grew warmer. The winds were described as harsh, with one account mentioning that moisture-bearing winds ruined books.
Researchers believe that varying weather led to the collapse of the Roman Empire through agricultural disruption and mass migration of people from other places in Europe. Experts believe that many people also migrated to Rome to live in the Mediterranean climate. Cooling and severe droughts were weather patterns that had negative impacts on Roman society.Learn more about Ancient Rome
Historians do not agree on a single cause for the fall of Rome. Instead, many factors, including barbarian aggression, divisions within the Empire, government corruption and a change in values and culture caused the Empire's downfall.Full Answer >
According to the Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of World Cities, Rome was founded in the middle of the 8th century B.C. Rome has been occupied continuously for over 2,700 years.Full Answer >
According to legend, Rome derived its name from Romulus, its founder and first ruler. Romulus reportedly established the city of Rome in 753 B.C., although historians believe Rome contained inhabitants prior to that date. Folk legend asserts that Romulus vied for power of Rome with his twin brother, Remus; after killing Remus in a heated argument, Romulus assumed power and control of Rome, naming the new capital city after himself.Full Answer >
Among the notable people buried at Rome's Pantheon are painters Raphael and Annibale Carracci, composer Arcangelo Corelli and architect Baldassare Peruzzi. Also buried there are two kings of Italy, Vittorio Emanuele II and Umberto I.Full Answer >