The Civil War spanned from 1861 to 1865. The war began with the first battle at Fort Sumter in South Carolina on April 12th, 1861, and the final battle took place at Palmetto Ranch in Texas on May 13th, 1865.
The Civil War started when Confederate soldiers bombarded the Union-held Fort Sumter. The next morning Major Robert Anderson surrendered the fort. After the battle, Virginia, North Carolina, Arkansas and Tennessee seceded from the union to join the Confederate States. Despite a series of early victories, the Confederate army would come to lose much of the territory it gained by 1865. The war effectively ended on April 26 with a Union victory. However, fighting continued until the middle of May that same year.