Some of the most important characteristics of Roman architecture include arches, columns and the use of marble and limestone. Roman architects were heavily influenced by early Greek architects, particularly in their use of Doric, Corinthian and Ionic columns.Continue Reading
Roman architects used columns to give buildings a traditional look. The portico of the Pantheon, for example, had 16 columns. Architects continued to use columns even when they were not needed to preserve a building's structural integrity.
Arches were used to create taller and wider structures. Roman architects also used interior arches to support the weight of heavy structures. The Colosseum had dozens of arches, making it a symbol of pride for Romans.
Many Roman buildings were made with marble or limestone. Marble was one of the finest materials available at the time. In some cases, marble dust was mixed with gypsum, sand and other materials. Limestone was used as a substitute for marble because it was strong and could be carved easily.Learn more about Ancient Rome
The exact phrase was "veni, vidi, vici," which translates as "I came, I saw, I conquered," and was given in a message from Julius Caesar to the Roman Senate. It was apparently written in 46 B.C. in the city of Zela, which was located in the area now known as Tokat Province, in Turkey.Full Answer >
Due to the vast expansion and mobile tendencies of the Roman empire, soldiers were housed in leather tents, often occupied by up to eight men. These structures were broken down and moved as needed along the journey. Each soldier carried two stakes and tools for digging to set up camp.Full Answer >
Roman soldiers wore a variety of clothes, including socks, loincloths, leg wraps, trousers, armor, cloaks, belts and sandals. Roman soldiers, like civilians, dressed according to weather conditions during the different seasons. Soldiers wore heavier fabrics, such as wool, in the wintertime and switched to clothing made of light, loose and breathable linen and cotton during warmer weather.Full Answer >
Paid laborers, slaves and the Roman Legion built the Roman aqueducts. The materials they used were lead pipes, cement, volcanic concrete and stone. The Roman builders constructed the aqueducts utilizing gravity to keep the flow of the water moving to the appropriate places and stored it in cisterns.Full Answer >