The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) was a public work program intended to create work for men during the Great Depression. Males between the ages of 18 to 25 were recruited to plant trees, and do other forms of outdoor labor to keep them off the streets.
The CCC (organized under Franklin D. Roosevelt's administration) was sometimes called "Roosevelt's Tree Army", and most of the organization's work focused on conservation and reforestation. During the day, CCC members performed hundreds of outdoor tasks, including planting trees, digging ditches, maintaining beaches, stocking lakes with fish and surveying. At night, CCC men returned to camp and took classes. More than 40,000 men learned how to read as a result of enrolling in the CCC.