There are several conditions that may lead to people becoming refugees, including warfare, political instability and natural disasters such as floods, tsunamis and famines. Refugees are defined as people who must leave their homes or native areas for reasons of safety and survival. Natural and man-made disasters can cause large segments of the population to flee from their native states, regions and countries into neighboring territories to wait temporarily until it is safe to move back home, or relocate for good.Know More
The issue of refugees was first addressed by the United Nations, which established rules and regulations in 1951, via a document called the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, which defined the term “refugee” and set forth laws governing the control and resettlement of displaced people.
The Convention was enacted initially to provide guidance for host nations that saw large influxes of people forced to leave their homelands during World War II. Although the Convention was initially established for creating policies for World War II refugees, its use was expanded during the late 1960s to include refugees displaced by other reasons such as natural disasters and marginalization. Although refugees are found in many countries throughout the world, the top three hosts of refugees are Pakistan, Thailand and Cambodia, according to National Geographic.Learn more about Modern History
Boko Haram has killed hundreds of Nigerian citizens and displaced thousands more, causing instability and suffering. The attacks have also slowed down agricultural production and increased food prices in some parts of the country.Full Answer >
Advantages from building dams include delivering more water and energy to local populations, expanding surrounding riparian habitats and controlling floods, while disadvantages include harm to the plants and animals in local environments, decrease in natural diversity and structural instability of the nearby riverbed and riverbanks. Dam construction directly influences the surrounding environment, and impacts economies and societies too. Proponents support dam building on the basis that dams, large and small, bring jobs and revenue into local economies, and help societies modernize and develop greater complexity.Full Answer >
Hurricanes and tropical storms, tornadoes, floods and wildfires are common natural disasters. Earthquakes, heat waves, droughts and thunderstorms are also disasters. Hurricanes and tropical storms are some of the most damaging natural disasters. Flooding, the most common natural disaster, costs the most in terms of property damage.Full Answer >
Caused by an earthquake on an ocean's bed, a tsunami is one of the deadliest and most destructive natural disasters on Earth. The flooding and associated effects of the tsunami that started in the Indian Ocean in December, 2004 caused the deaths of an estimated 300,000 to 500,000 people across several countries, including India and Indonesia.Full Answer >