Nigeria has experienced several industrial strikes as a colonial state and an independent country. One of the most important strikes in Nigerian labor history was the General Strike of 1945, spurred by workers demanding higher wages from the colonial regime. The strike lasted 40 days until the workers emerged victorious.
The General Strike of 1945 marked a turning point in trade unionism in Nigeria, emboldening workers in various trade industries to demand higher wages and better working conditions. Several other noteworthy industrial strikes have been held, including in 1950 by mercantile workers, 1959 by the Airways Workers Union, 1964 by the United Labour Union and by the Nigerian Labour Congress in 2007 and 2011. The cause of many of these strikes was the failure of the government to implement wage improvements and working conditions that had been pledged.