The Amritsar Massacre was caused by thousands of people going to attend the Sikh Baisaki festival without realizing that there was a recent ban on public assemblies due to the British Brigadier General Reginald Dyer. There was a nationalist demonstration being held there and Dyer's troops immediately opened fire on the crowd without warning killing hundreds of people and wounding more than a thousand people.Continue Reading
Dyer continued to let his troops murder people until their full artillery had been used. He later admitted to ordering the attack for its moral effect on the people. British authorities would remove him from his post in the region after this incident.
The Amristar Massacre took place on April 13, 1919, in the city of Amristar. The city of Amristar is known as the holy city of the Sikh religion. The massacre created nationalist feelings in many of India's people. In fact, it had a large effect on Mohandas Gandhi. After the Amristar Massacre, Gandhi felt that India should not accept anything less than full independence from Britain whereas before he supported the British in Word War I as he hoped for partial autonomy. This led to Gandhi's organization of his first campaign of mass civil disobedience against the British opposition.Learn more about Modern Asia
The former name of Cambodia was "Kampuchea," a name the Khmer people of Southeast Asia called their nation for centuries, according to Asia Travel. The English name for the country, Cambodia, is an adaptation of "Kampuja."Full Answer >
In April and May of 1989, crowds of up to 100,000 protesters, mostly students but also workers and other people, assembled in Tiananmen Square to demonstrate for political reform. By early June, the government and protesters had reached an impasse, and on June 3-4, Chinese authorities sent troops to clear the square. Estimates of the number of protesters slaughtered by the army range from several hundred to several thousand.Full Answer >
Goals of the former President of the Independent Republic of the Philippines Elpidio Quirino, included reconstructing the nation and restoring the faith and confidence of the people after the Battle of Manila, during which his own wife, son and two daughters were killed. Having served in the Senate and having helped create the nation's constitution, the former vice president succeeded leader Manuel Roxas after his death in 1948.Full Answer >
Jose Rizal was a hero of Filipino ancestry who was not inspired by any person, so much as by the plight of his people under Spanish colonial rule. He was a prodigy from a very young age, and eventually excelled at medicine, literature, martial arts, painting and agriculture.Full Answer >